How many kind of interference Suppression Polypropylene Film Capacitors ?
Suppression capacitors are divided into two classes:
· Class X capacitors are connected between the phases or phase and neutral conductors and are used for lower pulse resistance requirements.
· Class Y suppression capacitors, on the other hand, are used to bridge basic insulation. They are used if hazards may arise in the surrounding area in the event of a short circuit since they offer optimum electrical safety in cases of limited capacity.
Radio frequency interference suppression capacitors are available as individual components in an X or Y classification, as multi-connection capacitors with X and Y capacitors in a component or as a feed through capacitor with an operating conductor.
MPX | Class X2 - For Interference Suppression and Across-The-Line
Description: MPX are non-inductively wound with a metallized polypropylene film dielectric / electrode with radial leads encapsulated in flame‑retardant (UL94V‑0) plastic case sealed in epoxy resin.
- Provides interference suppression with UL, VDE, CSA and ENEC safety approvals.
- High dV/dt capabilities
- Self-healing capabilities
- Tape and reel packaging are available for ratings with a pitch of 10mm and 15mm
- RoHS Compliant
- Ideal for use in line bypass, antenna coupling, across-the-line and spark killer circuits
- Available for EMI filter
- Switching power supply applications
- Interference suppression circuit applications
Why to meet high-reliability requirements for machine?
Power electronic designers are continually trying to decrease overall design size by increasing conversion efficiency. One way they do that is by using Wide Bandgap (WBG) semiconductor devices. WBG devices can operate at higher switching frequencies and higher temperatures than traditional semiconductors. Their use allows reducing the size of passive components, bringing an overall more compact design and increasing power density per volume of the converters, thus making miniaturization mandatory. WBG devices also operate with extremely high voltage slew rates producing more high-frequency emissions.
Meeting the electromagnetic compliance (EMC) requirements of regulatory agencies becomes more and more complex for designs using WBG semiconductors, and electromagnetic interference (EMI) suppression capacitors play a crucial role. They must be miniaturized, to realize the benefits of smaller overall designs, but at the same time must meet high-reliability requirements under critical electrical and environmental conditions.
What are EMI Suppression Capacitors?
EMI suppression capacitors are a specialized subset of commercially available capacitors that are designed for filtering electrical noise out of the power being supplied to the circuit. They do this by reducing the input impedance of the system for higher frequency noise.
EMI suppression capacitors are often used to suppress noise on AC mains power lines. They are sometimes connected in ‘X’ configuration, or “between the lines”, as in C1 and C2 in the figure above. Other times, they are connected in the ‘Y’ configuration, or “line to ground”, as in C3 and C4. If a capacitor fails while in an ‘X’ configuration, there is a risk of fire. But if a capacitor fails while in a ‘Y’ configuration, there is instead a risk of electrical shock. Because of the danger of these failure modes, these capacitors are designed to fail “safe” to prevent fire or shock. For this reason, many EMI capacitors are also called safety capacitors.
How Are EMI Capacitors Rated?
EMI capacitors are classified by their intended use (X or Y configuration), their rated operating voltage, and the peak impulse voltage they can safely withstand.
What are Harsh Environments?
Along with miniaturization, many designs need to operate in severe environmental conditions throughout their extended lifespan. Some examples include:
§ On-board chargers for electric and hybrid vehicles, expected to withstand higher temperatures and extreme thermal shock cycles
§ Miniaturized solar micro-inverters and smart energy meters with expected lifetimes of up to 25 years without servicing, in environments including potential high humidity factors
§ Smart utility meters, expected to operate outdoors, reliably, for many years or even decades
To meet the needs of these harsh environment applications, a well-accepted accelerated life test standard for active and passive components has been developed in the electronics industry – the Temperature-Humidity-Bias (THB) test. The THB test has been recognized as an IEC standard for EMI suppression film capacitors. Capacitor manufacturers must indicate the THB grade for their certified solutions.
The tables below show the different Temperature-Humidity-Bias (THB) testing conditions per IEC Standards. The higher the grade, the more robust the capacitor is in harsh environments and longer extended life can be expected.
Polypropylene Film Capacitors’ Advantages
Polypropylene film capacitors typically offer wide capacitance range, AEC-Q200 automotive qualification in combination with long-life stability in harsh environmental conditions.
Polypropylene film capacitors are well-suited for AC/DC converters in onboard chargers for xEVs, smart grid hardware, EMI filtering in Variable Frequency Drivers (VFDs), LED drivers, and high energy density applications such as capacitive power supplies.
X2 series polypropylene film EMI suppression capacitors exceed previous solutions and meet the IEC-60384-14 humidity robustness test with a Class IIIB classification. Our X2 capacitor achieves 1,000 hours during an accelerated life test under 85°C and 85% relative humidity at its rated AC (310 V) and DC (560 V) voltages.
Polypropylene film capacitors are among the best choice for EMI suppression applications in industrial and automotive applications thanks to its stability and long life at harsh conditions.
X2 capacitors can meet the highest THB class in a more miniaturized size than the competition. These key characteristics present significant advantages to designers in terms of both capability and space in the design. Additionally, the R53 AEC-Q200 qualification makes this series an ideal EMI suppression solution for automotive applications.
What’s the application:?
As an across-the-line type noise suppression capacitor, and suitable.
Grid power supply of electronic instruments and electronic equipment, switch, contacts produces a
spark discharge sites.
Electric tools, lighting, hair dryers, water heaters and other household electrical appliances.